Village Web Site Forum

Monday, May 21, 2007 08:08
Brush Farm
Can i ask if anyone has any history or photos of Brush Farm.

Many thanks
Sam Riley
Newton Rigg College
Monday, May 21, 2007 09:28
History of the Brush farm

Hello Kerry, members of my family and myself, have extensively researched aspects of the village history from this I can present the following information:

From my aunt Doris’s (Riley) Sutton-in-craven’s treasures 1875 she writes:

“Brush Farm


Two story C18th rubble. In each story there is one four light and one three light window.

In the upper storey is a central two light window and below was a single story porch with pan tile roof and a plain door.

Inside is an almost spiral stair case, behind it a long narrow window which lights the stair case and pantry underneath. There is a cobbled yard. The house is now being renovated after being derelict for years.

History, formerly a pack horse inn, its sign – a foxes tail…. Several old roads lead there one from the Dog and Gun Inn and another from the Bent Farm”

The reference to a fox’s tail as being the inns sign, offers one possible reason for the name Brush farm i.e. a foxes brush being its tail.

The reference made to renovation is from the 1970’s and currently in 2007 the farm still stands derelict after several attempts to renovate it.

As to my own findings, most pre date your study but are still relevant. The farm sits on the pre 1815 moorland edge, the farm sitting on the moorland side of the dividing wall. It sits, as mentioned by Doris at the head of several old lanes. The one leading from the dog and gun is of un known origin but the lane mentioned leading from the Bent is certainly medieval up to High Jack farm (Located further along the brush farm access track) this access track could certainly easily have been an extension of this lane.

A third previously unknown lane is indicated on the 1815 enclosures map, leads east from the Inn to High Jack then along the old moorland edge to Lane Top at west lane. This feature is labelled as “Smith Road”

The land surrounding the farm is rather marginal, to the north and West lies and area unknown age enclosures of improved and semi improved grassland mainly run with sheep at date. The other land surrounding to the East is shown on the geological map as land slip. The area has been heavily disturbed through the centauries through heavy quarrying, leaving a steep rough landscape which would make farming distinctly difficult. To the south lays Earls Crag and several large unimproved rough fields heavily strewn with boulders.
From the turn of the centaury to the 1930’s, all the land around and including the farm was owned by the Heyfeilds estate of Glusburn (information from sale plan of 1935)

I hope this information has been of use to you, sorry there is little about the people who lived their, I am at best trying to be an amateur Landscape Historian so tend not to involve my self with family History or history that involve people too much.

Monday, May 21, 2007 19:32
Dear Sam
Many thanks for the information. We know that the Upton Family lived at Brush Farm between 1928 - 1930. We thought they had brought it, but it looks like they only rented.

Many thanks
Thursday, May 22, 2008 22:05
Thanks for informtion above, v. interesting. Think Brush Farm might have been in Cowling at one time - an old Cowling character Willie Whiskers, "Jesus", or Brushy lived there - James Willie Emmott -I can remember him - he was a land drainer. There are old tales about him, so it must have been after 1930 he was there.
Wednesday, May 28, 2008 13:31
To digress a little - found email & print from 2004 - suppose you might know about old Roman Signal Station? in fields other side of road from Lunds Tower - ref. to Dr. Villy writer of pre-war articles on Roman roads - his grave Ingrow Parish Church. Some archaeological corrections to Dr. Villy's routes made years ago by Donald Haigh, a master at Bradford Grammar School. Anyone interested I can send you this "faint" copy by post - it was taken around 30 years ago.
Janet Hargreaves
Wednesday, May 28, 2008 17:12
Hello Sam - should I know your family? I too am related to Doris. Kerry - what is your connection to Brush farm? Information regarding Brush - From 1841 Census you will find my ancestors i.e. my great, great, great gandads family, resided at Brush Farm. The Brush was in Cowling as it was just past the 'stoop' which was the boundary marker. This marker was, and I believe still is, just down the hill from the Pinnacle. As a child I went with my grandad on our horse and cart to visit the family at the Brush when we were passing on our way to the blacksmiths at Cowling. Brush is also on the 1858 map of the area.
Thursday, May 29, 2008 11:22
Janet - what year would you visit the blacksmiths at Cowling (John Greenwoods at bottom of Walton Street - now a garage)? John was my Dad's Uncle, and he worked there shoeing until about 1945, continuing as plumbers and mending farm machinery etc. until about 1955 when it closed. Greenwoods was part of the family blacksmiths business at bottom of Green Lane, Glusburn, but much earlier. My Dad is now 86. Joe Taylor continued as a blacksmith in Cowling for a while after 1945. Wonder if you have any old Cowling or Sutton related photos for our sites?
Sam Riley
Newton Rigg College
Thursday, May 29, 2008 11:54
Hello peeps’
First of all I am off the Rileys of Hollin Root, specifically my granddad Herbert Riley, who held the Bowhill Garages opposite the park, selling second hand bikes and scrap. Doris Riley is my Great Aunt (Herbert’s sister) Chris Riley is my farther who ran a garage in the village and worked with the Conservation Group. I have no particular hereditary tie to the Brush Farm but completed an extended research project on the western area of the Parish of Sutton. This included the Brush Farm and its surrounding area.

The location of Brush farm.

Brush farm is located in Sutton. De Copley Cross Moline (Apologies for spelling!) denoting the parish boundary sit at:

Grid SD 985 429 (On a hard to reach rock beyond Wainmans tower; which puts both towers in Sutton)

Grid SD 981 439 (Boundary marker on the turnpike road, just out side Lane Ends, Cowling)

This runs the boundary from Wainmans Tower down the rough hillside, between Cragside and Summer Seat Farms to the Lane Ends Bridge, which pus the brush about ½ a mile in to the Parish of Sutton. This can be verified by looking up the 1:25,000 Ordnance survey map at The boundary is denoted by a line of small black dots.

The reason why Willie Whiskers was considered a Moonraker was that the farm lies closer to the modern settlement of Cowling so is easier to access (I think he also kined from Cowling). However when the parish boundaries were drawn the settlement centre of cowling was around Cowling hill, and then when the Turnpike Road was navigated, the main area of settlement migrated to its current location at ‘New Road Side’. Which is more in the SE portion of the parish. This strange alignment of the two parishes often causes confusion in the study area as to what is Sutton and what is Cowling. I believe this is partially why so little study has taken place in the area.

Janet may have mixed things up a little, Sutton has two recorded stoops. Sutton Stoop is located on the Road above the Ellers leading to Laycock and Keighley at Grid 016 422. This is a stone that stand about 1m high (Located on the eastern road side just after the brow of the last slope by a lay-by) with the Cross Moline (Apologies for spelling!) marked on it. A second larger stoop is located 10m North off Pole Rd jutting out of a field wall at 45 degrees. This is known as Pole Stoop and is not open to public access. Booth of which are located in Aden which is about 2-3km east from the Brush Farm area, on the hills on the oposit side of the Clough.

In reference to the roman signal station I have herd mention, however I am unsure of the location of this particular note and would be very interested to obtain a copy of paper mentioned by Joan (SOP is to sort this out via the webmaster). There are two sites I know of in the area surrounding the Brush.

There this is a much debated site to the west of the Cookoo Wood (East of the Brush) above High Jack Farm (most probably the site referred too), which is claimed to be a Cock Fighting Ring, by the English Heritage report on the area. Others claim it to be a set of Pillow Mounded Rabbit Warrens or an Iron Aged Homestead. Most people informed on the subject, I have spoken to tend to agree on the Rabbit Warren theory. The roman information however may provide a new light on the subject.

The second site is a square mass of a demolished building above Summer Seat Farm which can be seen on the ground from the road, but only appears on an 1860 survey owned by Ralph Green, where it is marked as a Bone Mill.
Janet Hargreaves
Thursday, May 29, 2008 18:51
Joan - thats really interesting - I used to go to the blacksmiths in the 50s. I lived at Wood Top Farm until 1963. My grandad was Fred Hargreaves. My photos are family photos mainly I don't have many scenery ones as we lived with the beautiful views but I'll see if I can find anything suitable.
Sam - I remember Herbert and your great uncles and aunts well, particularly Clarence as he lived in the cottage near to us and used to visit us at the farm.
What you and the historians call a stoop and what we, the folks who lived on Sutton Top (Aden folks in your language) called a stoop may be different i.e. they were stone pillars (gatepostes) not milestone markers. As well as the stoop which we defined in the 1950s as the Cowling boundary there was a stoop on on the other road from Sutton tops running from New Bridge Cross Roads along the back of the Pinnacle but I can't remember what boundary we regarded it as defining. These were in additon to the Pole stoop markers you refer to.
Sam Riley
Newton Rigg College
Thursday, May 29, 2008 21:41
Hello Janet
I would be very interested to find out which stones you refer to on the road below and behind Earls Crag. I am certain about the boundary position I indicate as it has not changed since the 1841 Tithe Map (on the road the boundary crosses approximately where the road walls stop and fences take over when travelling from New Bridge to Cowling. Doris and my farther also went to great lengths to show me such things as a child. On the top road the boundary defiantly runs from the Hitching Stone where three parishes meet, along the wall, which according to Doris used to contain a boundary marker across the road, following the wall on the edge of Cuddlers to Wainmans (Cowling) pinnacle. This is a very certain line as the Hitching Stone has been demonstrated to be a Viking/Saxon Wapontake and the boundary crosses are thought to be of a similar date.

I think we are on the same lines with the meaning of stoop, as the two I mention are not mile stones but as you say boundary markers on the main routes into the village shaped like gate posts. The one known mile/direction stone to me on the road system in Aden, is the marker on Pole Rd at the Slippery Ford turning. Which now faces the 1815 enclosure wall and used to point the way to Slipper Ford and Keighley.

The only other stone I can think of in Aden that is marked, is the parapet on the bridge by Crag Top Farm, which has a cross carved, to denote that the area was once used for baptisms of Aden folk. As you say you know of more I would be most interested to find out where they stand.

As to Great uncle Clarence, Granddad Herbert received the cottage and land after him, who on dying passed the placed to my farther and I. The entire cottage and land that was held by Clarence, is in a poor state at the minute as we have suffered an extensive crime wave on the land, with the ‘tin tab’ barn being destroyed in an arson attack, the stone being stolen of the cottage roof and all the poultry disappearing. (Hell Aye, the police are good at their job!)
Friday, May 30, 2008 21:51
Me again up here - Janet will ask my Dad if he remembers your Grandad Fred H.
Sam - seen a marked stone pillar in a field near road somewhere at back of crag - will take another look! Would the "tin tab" you mention by any chance be the old Mission Room Chapel from Cowling around 1965? Once saw something related in the local paper not too long ago? The Mission Room was where St. Andrews Chapel is now, top of Walton Street, we have photos on our Cowlingweb Old Photos Gallery, pls. check. The kitchen part to the right of building at back was the original chapel even before that, which was at the top of Fold Lane.
Already sent Roman Signal Station information to Paul Longbottom.
Sam Riley
Newton Rigg College
Sunday, June 1, 2008 15:02
The tin tab was a barn type building on our land that was built from the reclaimed tin sheeting, from when one of the tin tabs in the local area was pulled down (Not sure which one). The name stuck as I believe it looked similar in its new position.
Sunday, June 1, 2008 18:40
Thank you Sam, the Mission Room was also nicknamed the "tin tab", so think your barn must be the one - the fire news would have been in the papers at the time, I would have got it from that, only a few years back I think.
nicole von goethe
Tuesday, September 16, 2008 11:26
my name is nicole and im writing because i'am looking for a man who worked at brush farm in the 60's and 70's and maybe into the 80's
i'am looking for D.J monahan i'm not to sure if that is how it is spelt but would very much like to know if anyone may know him,
i'm writing this for my mother
thank you...

  Posting to the forum is de-activated due to lack of use.

  You are welcome to browse through posts but cannot add comments or start new topics.